A Man’s Guide To Cosmetics – How To Buy Makeup For Your Girlfriend

As a man, you probably know nothing about the fascination that women have with cosmetics. However, it is your girlfriend’s birthday, and you would like to surprise her with a gift basket of her favorite cosmetics. If you knew what those were. This might seem like a hopeless situation, but all is not lost. With a little effort, you can make that surprise present a reality. What you need is a man’s guide to cosmetics.

About Cosmetics

The first thing you as a man need to know about cosmetics is that most of the time, women prefer to choose their own cosmetics. This is because cosmetics, specifically makeup, are something that is considered a personal preference. Most woman have spent considerable time and expense to find the specific choices of fragrance or color that they feel enhances their appearance. A product that does not meet this preference will end up either gathering dust on a shelf or in the waste basket. You would not want your girlfriend choosing your deodorant or aftershave lotion for you now would you?

Become A Private Eye

If you really think that your girlfriend would love a gift basket filled with her favorite makeup, you will need to do some detective work. Talk to your girlfriend’s female relatives (mother, sisters, daughters, etc.)or closest friends. They probably, at one time or another, have gone shopping with your girlfriend and know the kind of cosmetics that your girlfriend likes. Explain what you are attempting to do and that you need their help. In most cases these folks will be more than happy to give you shopping suggestions. Be sure to talk only to those that you feel can keep your secret.

If you already live with your girlfriend, you have an advantage. Most likely she has her makeup stored either in the bathroom or in the bedroom. Take an opportunity, when you are at home alone, to see what kind of cosmetics she uses and make a note of it. The way to choose which cosmetics you want to include in the gift basket is to look for the things that are used the most often. Large containers of a specific product usually indicates that this is something that is used often enough to buy in quantity. Containers that are almost empty are an indication that this product will soon need a resupply. These are things that should be included in your gift basket.

Shopper’s Choice

Once you have a list of the various kinds of makeup that she wears, there are several paths you can take to make your purchases. You can go to:

The local beauty supply store – The cosmetics can be purchased at wholesale prices but the customer service will be minimal. The local department store – Most department stores have a cosmetics counter. The prices and the knowledge of the sales people can vary from low end to high end.

The cosmetics boutique – Here the prices are most expensive but the sales people are usually very knowledgeable about the products. It is a guarantee that the people working here will be able to answer questions and provide suggestions. They might even be able to put everything together and wrap it in a gift basket for you! The Internet – If feel comfortable shopping for cosmetics in a store, you can always buy the makeup on the internet. However, if possible be sure that you buy the makeup for the brand’s official website, so that you know you have the best quality.

Not Just For Girlfriends

This guide has focused on girlfriends but these same tips also apply to the other women in your life. Most women buy and use makeup and would love to receive a present of their favorite cosmetics. To men, the process of makeup hopping may seem a little daunting, but it will be a good way to learn about it. The women will certainly appreciate the time and effort put into buying them such a personal gift. Having done the proper research will make it easier to buy more makeup-related gifts in the future.
Source by Glenn Coleman

Life’s A Stage: The Tips And Tricks Of Grease Makeup

Whether you are thinking about using grease makeup for a theatrical event, a special Halloween party or some other occasion, you need to know what products are out there and how to apply them.

While grease makeup takes more time and preparation than regular water-soluble face paint, it also lasts much longer. Most importantly, grease makeup won’t smear or run under hot lights or conditions where you might perspire. With grease makeup you can create a more dramatic and even professional look.

In addition to your grease face-paints and pencils you will need:

  • face-cleanser or cream cleanser and/or baby shampoo
  • clean towels or paper towel
  • clothing cover-up and hair-ties or shower cap
  • possible shaver for men
  • mirror if you aren’t working from home
  • good quality painting brush, powder brush
  • professional setting powder, talcum or baby powder and applicator (see below)
  • Q-Tips or fine painting brush, tissue paper, paper towel are all handy
  • Other items that you might also consider:
  • light moisturizer
  • baby oil (to fix mistakes after painting has ‘set’)
  • charcoal pencil for eyes
  • mascara
  • sponge
  • mister or water-spray
  • glitter and other decoration

Before you start applying the makeup, you need to prepare your face so it goes on smoothly. Thoroughly clean your face, tying back hair where necessary, and for men, have a shave. (Bearded men can apply grease paint makeup but it can be tricky keeping it out of the hair.) Remember that grease makeup will stain clothes, so put on an old button-up shirt. After your skin dries, apply a very light moisturizer.

Working with the lightest color first – usually white – and a good quality brush or sponge, or your fingers, you can outline the area and then fill it in. Alternatively you can paint following the contours of your face. The grease makeup may not go on smoothly if it is too cold, which you can remedy by putting a little dab of the color of in the palm of your hand for a minute. After painting, use your fingers to ‘pat’ the makeup into your skin.

Unlike water-based makeup, grease makeup requires you to paint your face and then ‘set’ it with a professional setting powder, or baby or talcum powder. (If you go with talcum, be sure to confirm beforehand that you don’t have an allergic reaction to it.) You can ‘set’ the grease makeup either in stages following each color’s application, or at the end of all the painting. Some people prefer the latter, applying all the colors before setting with powder, because they can fix mistakes more easily. The downside however is that you risk mixing colors accidentally and smearing your work.

Whether you ‘set’ in stages or at the end, one reliable way to apply the powder is to partly fill a small, clean, cotton tube sock with the powder, tie it up, and then gently dab your face. Allow the powder sit for a half a minute or so before dusting the excess off with a powder brush. The painted areas should no longer feel moist or sticky – if this is not the case, you probably need more powder. Once the grease makeup has set, it should be fairly smudge-proof. If something needs correcting at this point, you can use Q-Tips soaked in baby oil, but remember that neighboring areas could now be smudged.

Be careful not to apply the grease face makeup thickly or in layers. If you do have too much in one spot, press down on it with your fingers to smooth it out. Continue to refine your face, using Q-Tips or a fine brush for the smaller areas. Grease pencils also can be used for the face, charcoal pencils for the eyes, and don’t forget color for your lips too!

Allow the grease makeup to thoroughly dry, and apply a last light coating of powder, dusting off any excess with a brush or tissue paper. A damp cloth at the end can help remove the excess powder, or spray with a very light mist of water. In warmer climates you can probably skip this step because the extra powder will absorb any perspiration.

If you are applying glitter, it should be done at the very end. Generally glitter is most effective when applied over the eyes or on the cheeks, A glitter gel is often used instead of dry glitter to minimize the chances of it flaking into the eye. With dry glitter, first slightly dampen your face and cheeks, then ‘poof’ on the polyester glitter. Remember to let the makeup settle for about half an hour before you go out. If you have stray paint on your eyelashes, cover it with mascara.

Products available

For just about any type of face design you will need at a minimum white greasepaint foundation and a black greasepaint pencil, but of course there are many colors in between and you will probably want to try at least a few of them. The leading producers of grease makeup are Mehron and Ben Nye. Mehron grease makeup is focused on the theatrical professionals who want ease of application with good coverage. Ben Nye also appeals to the same community, although Ben Nye grease makeup is actually a cream. Grease face makeup comes in a range of forms, from palettes (generally sold as a kit), to individual liners. Pencils, crayons and sticks are useful for smaller areas of the face. Both Mehron and Ben Nye also make eye-shadows, blushes, a range of glitter and setting powders and sealing mists. You may also want to consider sweat-blocker sprays for the face to help preserve the greasepaint under strong lights or in a hot environment.
Source by G Blake Cabot

Top 5 Places to Buy Perfumes and Cosmetics in Singapore

Given a reputation as a shopping paradise, it’s no surprise that Singapore’s a fantastic place to buy perfumes and cosmetics in Singapore. After all, where else in the world you can find American, European and Asian products all in one place?

Major international brands are readily available here, carried by the beauty halls of most department stores. So this Top 5 list will instead focus on popular stores in Singapore and what makes them special.

1. Sephora – A Luxury Candy Store For Upmarket Beauty Addicts

The glossy and glamorous Sephora is the upmarket French chain (owned by LVMH) that has devoted fans across the globe. This huge make up store has a devoted following for stocking cult cosmetic brands like Urban Decay, Bare Escentuals and Benefit.

While prices here are high, browsing in the store is like visiting a candy store, and roaming staff are all too eager to give you a makeover on the spot.

Tip: If you buy anything, make sure to ask for freebies. This store has plenty of samples and they’re not afraid to dish them out.

Directions: Sephora can be found in ION Orchard and Ngee Ann City shopping malls on Orchard Road. Nearest train station is Orchard MRT.

2. Sasa – For The Treasure Seeking Make-Up Lover

Sasa is the haunt where local make-up-holics go for treasure hunting. This is Asia’s leading chain of beauty boutiques filled with eclectic beauty products ranging from the simple facial blotter to zany bling-encrusted false eyelashes.

While it’s not easy to find specific products here, it is a very popular place to get great deals on items like SKII skincare and perfume.

Tip: You can pick up interesting Asian beauty products not commonly found in other stores.

Directions: Sasa can be found in malls like Bugis Junction (Bugis MRT) and VivoCity (Harbourfront MRT).

3. Watsons – For International Drugstore Cosmetics

Singapore has two duelling drugstore chains, Watsons and Guardian. While Guardian is the better pharmacy, Watsons trumps it in terms of cosmetics.

Aside from your usual brands like Revlon and Maybelline, you can also find American brands like L.A. Splash, British brands like Rimmel, Japanese brands like Majolica Majorca and Korean brands like BRTC.

Tip: Japanese and Korean cosmetics are very popular for their high quality and innovativeness. If you haven’t tried them, this is your chance.

Directions: Watsons outlets can be found in shopping malls Ngee Ann City and Wisma Atria (Orchard MRT), and also in Bugis Junction (Bugis MRT).

4. Mustafa Center – For The Best Prices On Perfumes

Mustafa Singapore in Little India is renowned for being the 24-hr shopping center packed to the rafters with everything under the sun.

While you can buy almost anything here, Mustafa Center has certain areas of strength, and one of them is its massive fragrance and beauty section. The perfume selection is particularly impressive here, and they’re all sold at great discounts.

Tip: Buy your perfumes here instead of at the Duty Free Stores.

Directions: Mustafa Center on 145 Syed Alwi Road is less than 10-minute walk from Farrer Park MRT train station.

5. Swanston – The Cheapest Toiletries in Town

If you’re not fussy about your make up and skincare, and serious bargains are what you care about, heading to Swanston in Chinatown. Housed on the 2nd level of People’s Park Complex Food Center, this large and staid store sells toiletries and cosmetics cheaper than anywhere else.

Don’t worry, the prices aren’t cheap because the products are dodgy. Swanston manages such low prices because it’s a no-frills store spends next to nothing on décor and advertising. So you can stock up on your drugstore brands with confidence.

Tip: For anyone worried about hair loss, Swanston stocks a large range of scalp treatment products and tonics for low prices.

Directions: People’s Park Complex Food Center is located on 32 New Market Road, close to Chinatown MRT train station.
Source by Danny Lee S. F.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Beauty in Love Relationships, Marriage, and Dating

Who wouldn’t want to be beautiful? What is beauty? Perhaps, we have all given these questions consideration at one time or another. I would opt to be beautiful if given the choice. Based upon some of my observations of standard beauty, I know it would give me a competitive edge as would youth. I have followed a beautiful woman around all day, many days, to see what it is like to be praised and admired by those people a beautiful woman meets. I have observed others in order to learn about the pros and cons of having an attractive appearance.

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Anyone could potentially be beautiful according to another person. Some people prefer blondes. Others prefer tanned skin. Even others prefer tall people. Everyone has his own preferences; yet, there are some people who have facial and body proportions that are considered beautiful by the majority. Those people who tend to fall into the category of standard beauty tend to get a lot of extra attention throughout the day.

The attention given to a beautiful woman is that of having all eyes on her and that of receiving many compliments. People will talk to her a lot, offer her free drinks, offer gifts, ask for her address, invite her out, and more. At least this is what I observed while following a beautiful woman around all day for many days. She received so many compliments that it became somewhat annoying even to her. People lavished her with much praise for about everything she did. As she conducted her job search, potential employers told her they were looking for someone who was beautiful. One employer said she wanted to hire someone with a “beautiful presence.” Naturally, the beautiful woman found a job with no difficulty.

If being beautiful means a person can have more friends, find more jobs, and influence others, then it is obviously convenient to be beautiful. To be unattractive means that an individual has some proportions that are less standardized and more unusual. There are some obvious reasons why a person considered less attractive by the majority might benefit from the struggle to attract others. She will benefit by having to do her job better or by having to study diligently.

A person who is less attractive will be attractive to someone somewhere. He or she will have to work harder to prove himself in some areas or studies. In order to compete with the so-called “beautiful” person, the “average” person will have to go the extra mile. He or she might seek to be more courteous or creative. She might develop a special talent like art, singing, or a sport. Perhaps the less attractive individual will decide to read more books in order to be appreciated for her knowledge. She might become a learned person to prove herself. Those people who are not considered extremely beautiful will know what it feels to work hard to achieve something without relying upon their looks. The same could be said of older people who have to try harder to find a job than younger people.

The notion of beauty is in the mind so, to some extent, there is truth in saying people are as beautiful as they feel. It is important not to became vain or to envision oneself as being better than others no matter how beautiful one feels.

One risk that beautiful people face is that of becoming lazy if they should become narcissistic, believing that everyone else should praise them and give them free gifts. Everyone needs to retain some humility. If parents and the world give a man too much constant praise, he will run the risk of believing himself to be too important. If he becomes narcissistic, he will sit around expecting others to be his servant. One beautiful woman said she was “too beautiful for her husband.” She told him “no one other than her would have him because he was not very good-looking.” Another beautiful man refused to work for nine years and continuously reminded others of how he was so handsome. Thus, he said his wife’s DNA was inferior and that she should be his servant for that reason. Such are the results of having an over-inflated ego due to believing oneself to be the “epitome” of beauty. Not every beautiful woman or man becomes self-absorbed. Many beautiful people do not have big egos and are considerate of others.

Self-absorption results from having received so many compliments that a man believes himself extremely handsome. Such people might miss out on studying at the university or developing their minds in other ways when they feel they can get by on beauty alone. Unfortunately, no one will be beautiful for eternity, and it does pay to dedicate some time to learning a skill or about the arts and humanities no matter how attractive he might be. No one is so perfect that he or she would not benefit from learning for learning’s sake.

Perhaps the real beauty is one’s ability to see inner beauty in the heart of a kind person regardless of the exterior person. Sometimes the happiest relationships are those in which one individual is prettier than the other but in which the love is more about the inner values that are shared between two individuals. Who would not admire the person who has enough beauty within to be able to see inner beauty in others? True, lasting relationships grow from kindness within two individuals despite issues of beauty.

The advantages of beauty include being afforded many opportunities to work, to date, to marry, and to be loved by others. Most people would enjoy those opportunities and the state of being beautiful, but one must never forget that in some cases, having too much beauty and receiving too many compliments leads to becoming arrogant, narcissistic, and selfish. Thinking that they can rely upon their beauty alone, many women and men never reach their intellectual and spiritual potential. Therefore, the author of this article believes that each of us should seek to live humbly, to nourish our minds, and to open our minds to the possibility that true beauty comes from within. Once we embrace the beauty within the person, not the exterior appearances, we become more adept in relationships as well as dating, love, and marriage.
Source by Laura Gail Sweeney

Makeup Brushes or Makeup Sponges?

When it comes to makeup, every girl, regardless of what her age is, gets confused between a number of products and applicators. A foundation coverage, concealer application, or if it’s a subtle bronzer look, you have to find something, other than your fingers of course, to feed your inner makeup enthusiast.

A seamless finish is the dream of every girl by hoping to get skin as good as those models on the cover pages of Vogue or Marie Claire. But then again, does it have to cost us a fortune? Before you pick the sides of either one of the makeup brushes or the famous blending sponge, also known as the beauty blender, you have to notice the pros and cons of both of these items. After all, makeup is serious business.

Makeup Brushes:

Let’s start by praising the sheer beauty that the makeup brushes have stored in for us. Over the past many years, the use of a diverse number and styles of brushes have been used by women all over the globe. Liquid foundation can be best merged with the right brush but only if you know how to use it. Instead of painting your face with the foundation, you need to take a blending brush, move it in circular motions to get that perfect coverage for your foundation.

The problem with these is that washing them can be a very hectic routine. However, it gives you the fastest way to apply foundation. If the bristles are synthetic in order to ensure a smooth application of the liquid concealer, etc. Nevertheless, these are the best resource for the women who want a coverage using the liquid makeup products.

Makeup Sponges:

When it comes to the makeup routine of a beginner in the world of makeup, we have mostly noticed that they find no difficulty in using the makeup sponges. The thing with these beauty blenders is that it makes certain that the powder or the liquid sticks on to your face. Furthermore, the major benefit of using these is that it does not require you to give them a proper thorough cleanup, and can be washed effortlessly by placing under a running tap of water.

These have recently turned up in the limelight and give the everyday makeup lovers an easy access to achieve the look that they desire in just a matter of minutes. It depends on you that how you use these sponges for a light or heavy coverage.

Don’t forget to give your face a natural effect by using product that does not make your face seem too dramatic. Stick to your natural side by using a flocked sponge to help you with your makeup.

A glow that you have always wanted is within your reach with the appropriate weapon in hand, and yes by weapon we mean to say that your makeup brushes or sponges. It solely depends on you that which is the item that you have more control over, before you come to a decision of picking one.
Source by Hellen Greek

Everyday Business Woman – Makeup Tips

An issue I notice a majority of women have trouble with is deciding how much or what style of makeup is appropriate for the workplace. What is too much versus how much is enough? What colors or look should I go for? How can I come across as a professional while still looking feminine? All of these are questions I hear from young, female professionals either in the pursuit of a career or just beginning in one. The answer to these questions is actually quite simple.

THE ANSWER: SIMPLE!

Simple makeup is honestly the best answer to thee simple questions. You want the makeup to bring out the natural beauty that every woman has, but not be overly flashy or draw too much attention.

• Pick a foundation that matches your skin tone so you don’t come across as a two-tone woman – neck one color, face another. Also, trying using a matte power so that you don’t become oily or shiny throughout the day. Sometimes work can be stressful and when you start to sweat you don’t want to lose your look. Apply the powder on top of your foundation or instead of it.

• Your eyes are important – enhance them, but don’t go overboard. Again, try to stick to more neutral, skin-tone colors. This would include light bronzes, nudes, browns, lighter pinks, etc. Now, I know you want to bring out the color in your eyes with those bright colors, but you can get the same effect using pastels of those same colors.

• Again on the eyes, mascara is a must and some eyeliner never hurt. Black eyeliner is typically seen as a “no no,” but I don’t see the harm in it as long as it does not appear harsh against your skin tone or you do not apply to much. (Sorry my lovely fair and pale ladies, but you should avoid black eyeliner in the work place!) Brown eyeliner is always safe, but again, never too much! And, again, mascara is a wonderful product because it brings out your eyes without adding too much making you look professional, yet feminine. Don’t forget to line your brows if you have thin ones like me. Pick a brow-liner that is the same color as your hair and try to stay within the bounds of your natural ones.

• Blush is always a good thing, but like I’ve been saying, don’t put too much (and avoid glitters)! Some lighter nude/pinks are perfect on the apples of your cheeks and across your cheekbones. This will create a highlighted effect that will look beautiful under those harsh office lights. A quick swoosh of highlighter in the tops of your cheekbones never hurt either!

• Color on a woman’s lips is one of those subtle things that makes a big difference. Depending on skin tones, a light pink, nude rose, or coral brown would be a perfect accent to your wardrobe. Look for lipsticks with words such as ‘creamy,’ ‘nude,’ ‘sheer,’ ‘cool,’ and ‘warm’ as they tend to be softer and more professional. Top of your lip color with some clear gloss for a little shine and you’re good to go!

THINGS TO AVOID

Now that you know what to look for in your workplace makeup kit, these are things you should avoid. These types of products or colors tend to make you look showy or unprofessional and may even prevent you from being taken seriously amongst your colleagues.

• Try to stay away from those fake looking bronzers in the workplace or tones that are too dark or too light for you. Bronzers make you look like you are attending a fashion show and the wrong color can make you appear washed out or too unnaturally tan.

• When it comes to eye shadow, avoid bright rainbow colors and shimmers because they make you look overly glitzy. You’re going for professional, not high fashion. Blues and greens always tend to stick out regardless of what skin tone they are applied too, so you may have to pass up on those colors.

• The rule with eyeliner and mascara is just not too much, but don’t use fake lashes in the work place. Outside of work, those puppies are beautiful, but in the office they just seem like too much.

• Steer clear of bright blushes, especially those with a ton of shimmer or glitter involved. Bright or deep pinks and reds can make you look strange in a whole new way. Anything from sun burnt to clown-like, but none of them are good. With the shimmer and glitter, it just appears very reflective under office lights and may make you appear greasy.

• Lips – stay away from using bright colors or those colors that aren’t a semi-natural shade (this would include purples, blacks, oranges, etc.). You don’t want people staring at just your mouth as you talk, especially if you are giving a presentation – it can be distracting!

HOW I DO IT

These are the steps I take when I am applying makeup for an interview or a meeting. I have always found it helpful to know how someone else does something and I hope this helps you.

1. Apply skin-tone concealer under the eyes, on the eyelids, and on blemishes. I find dabbing lightly with your fingertips to be the best applicator.

2. Apply a thing layer liquid foundation over entire face and slightly down around the jaw-line. This way you don’t get that line you see on women sometimes at the bottom of their face.

3. Use powder on entire face other than eyelids to get the foundation to “stick.”

4. Line brows with liner. I fill in natural brows and then extend them slightly on the ends to create that very structured look. I also use a brow gel to keep all the hairs in place throughout the day.

5. Apply eyeshadow. This can be done in any different ways. I apply a nude color to the lid, a highlighter color to the place under my brow, and a slightly darker color to the crease. You can buy palettes of eyeshadow with this exactly layout to make it easier.

6. Line the top of my eye and the bottom-outer third. This doesn’t appear as too much, but does make your eyes look bigger and brighter.

7. Apply mascara to top lashes and the bottom-outer third. You want to place the mascara where the eyeliner is because it enhances the effect of the eyeliner.

8. Apply blush to cheekbones. Apply one shade darker blush right under cheekbones. Dust highlighter on the top of your cheekbones. If you have even heard of contouring or shading your makeup – this is it in a simplified form.

9. Apply lipstick and then clear gloss. Sometimes I line my lips with a shade that is slightly darker than the lipstick I choose, but sometimes that can look like “too much.”

10. Walk out the door and into the office – just don’t forget to smile!

By following these tips and guidelines and utilizing my makeup steps, you should be able to wear makeup in a professional way while still looking beautiful and feminine. Good luck out there!
Source by Amber L Contant

History of Skincare Part 14: The Baroque Era, 1600-1699

The Reign of Ornamentation

In many ways, the seventeenth century began where the sixteenth century left off. Taking their example from royalty such as Queen Elizabeth of England and the queen of Spain, also named Elizabeth, women worn elaborately-constructed gowns that featured structured neck ruffs, form-fitting bodices and stiff, wide skirts. The seventeenth century was a time of change and a time of extremes, however, and both clothing and cosmetics began to take on a greater role as indicators not only of social class, but of religion and nationality as well. Because skincare practices were intrinsically tied to cosmetics, they varied as very much as all other aspects of fashion.

In spite of the increasing variety of styles, the Baroque period was predominately a time of ornamentation. Baroque artists and trendsetters took an architectural approach to everything from music to sculpture to painting to fashion. Emphasis was put on the fine details. Music featured elaborate trills. Buildings and churches were decorated with twisted spires, decorated domes and exquisite carvings. Fashion attempted to mimic this ornamentation with complexly-patterned fabrics and structured garments. Women continued to powder their faces with thick, white lead and to paint their lips with vermilion.

Extremes and Contradictions

The Baroque Era saw many extremes in skincare, fashion and philosophy. The Puritans, a strict religious group who rejected what they saw as ungodly excess, designed their own simple clothing to act as an alternative to contemporary fashion. Puritan women were expected to cover their bodies and hide their natural shape. They chastely covered their hair and did not wear any of the powders or colorings worn by fashionable women of the day. Like their dress, their skincare regimes were simple and practical. Because they did not cake their faces in powder, water was often enough to remove the dirt, oil and impurities from their skin.

While the Puritans may have set British styles throughout much of the century, other European countries were far less conservative in their approach to fashion and cosmetics. When Louis XIV took the French throne in 1661, he ushered in an age of excess in Western Europe. The French court was known for its elite banquets and its even more elaborate styles. While blond hair had long been fashionable, both women and men began to desire increasingly pale hair. What started as a light dusting of hair powder soon became thicker and suddenly opened the door to elaborate white wigs. Face make-up became incrementally elaborate as well. Women began to paste black beauty marks on their faces. While these were at first intended to cover up blemishes, they soon became works of art in themselves. Beauty marks were made in decorative shapes such as flowers, stars, moons and ships, and many women wore several beauty marks at a time. (You can read more about Baroque fashion here: http://www.ehow.co.uk/info_8537616_baroque-clothing-styles.html )

Baroque Invention

The Baroque period saw a number ofventions that affected fashion, hygiene and skincare. The printing press had been refinanced during the Italian Renaissance and Baroque Europe took advantage of the improvement in technology. Fashion magazines were distributed across the continent and even as far away as the Americas. Much like today’s fashion glossies, these magazines showed pictures of the latest European styles and talked about trends in cosmetics and skincare.

Several of these trends included newly developed hygiene and skin care products. While perfumes and colognes had been popular for a number of decades, perfumed soaps were new to the market. These new spotted soaps were all the rage across Europe and provided women with a trendy new way to clean the powder from their faces. The late seventeenth century also saw the introduction of toothbrushes. Based on a Chinese design, these brushes keep men and women a new tool for cleanliness and a new way to improve their overall appearance. (You can read more about Baroque soaps and toothbrushes here: http://www.localhistories.org/cosmetics.html )

While the European Baroque attitude toward style and skincare was similar to that of Elizabethan England, it was setting itself up to fail. The Enlightenment of the 18th Century would carry the French court to new heights of excess, but the French Revolution would destroy it, leaving many people to take their cues from the staid, simplistic style of the Puritans.
Source by Jill Knowles

MAC Makeup – Things You May Not Know About MAC Makeup and Cosmetics

The best makeup on earth is MAC makeup, hands down. Created in 1985 by Frank Toskan and Frank Angelo, MAC cosmetics were designed to hold up to the most grueling conditions. Ordinary drug store makeup doesn’t look good under bright lights, and most of it sweats off or wears off under normal circumstances anyway. The chemists who created MAC cosmetics, however, designed it to hold up to just about any challenge you can throw at it. It’s good for all ages, all races and all sexes, which later became the company’s motto.

MAC makeup is also a socially conscious brand. There are four social initiative problems that the company currently has in place: MAC Cruelty-Free Beauty, Back to MAC Recycling, MAC Kids Helping Kids and the MAC AIDS Fund. Even though MAC cosmetics was bought out by the Estee Lauder Companies in 1994 and the original founder Frank Angelo died in 1997, the MAC AIDS Fund has been continued by the new owners. The coolest thing about it is that every penny of the sale of the eight products under the Viva Glam name get donated to the charity. This has raised more than $86 million for the charity since 1994.

If you’re a makeup artist, you can get 40 percent off of the price of MAC makeup. Other beauty professionals can get a 30 percent discount. The brand is also extremely socially diverse. Spokespeople in the past have included everyone from RuPaul to Linda Evangelista. MAC Beauty Icons have included Liza Minnelli, Diana Ross, Raquel Welch and Catherine Deneuve. All in all, MAC makeup has done a lot for the industry as well as the community. They perfected makeup and are a great role model for other American companies. It can be said that part of their success is due to their acceptance of all things beautiful, and that’s something we can all stand behind.
Source by Jennifer Robertson

Cleopatra’s Bag of Tricks: The Love and Beauty Secrets of Antiquity’s Women

Speed dating or online matchmaking-these may be the latest romantic trends, but the artistry of love is ancient and the desire for beauty is something altogether primitive. Searching for a mate or attempting to seduce a partner was once the work of potions and charms, animal sacrifices and amulets. While many of the old rituals may seem wildly out of step for contemporary women, there are many ancient practices that may very well initiate attraction and captivate a partner today.

Asses’ milk is not a hot commodity in the present era, but once upon the time it was an elixir by which to preserve youth and beauty. Cleopatra is believed to have placed great store in asses’ milk and was known to bathe in it not only for beauty’s sake, but because it seemed to have aphrodisiac properties. Doctors of antiquity such as Hippocrates prescribed asses’ milk to treat poisonings, nose bleeds, and infectious diseases. Asses’s milk was also the preferred nourishment for nursing infants until the twentieth century. Considered closer to breast milk than that of any other animal, it was later given to infants in delicate health because it seemed to sustain them better in many cases. With its characteristic sweet taste, asses’ milk is more commonly used in France, Italy, and parts of Spain, but its health and beauty secrets can be traced back to ancient times.

History also reports that Cleopatra added salt from the Dead Sea to her bath. This is not a far-fetched tale since ancient women in this region were known to use salt and minerals from the Dead Sea medicinally and for overall health. Today’s mineral cosmetic industry, for example, owes much to the Dead Sea cosmetic practices of antiquity. It was believed that salt from the Dead Sea had restorative powers. Ten times saltier than the ocean, the Dead Sea is the lowest place on Earth that occurs naturally. The extraordinary composition of its brine and truly unique composition of its waters have been said to work wonders for people suffering from various health and skin disorders. The Bible states that King Solomon gave Dead Sea salts to the Queen of Sheba as a gift. It is also said that Marc Antony presented Cleopatra with a deed for the Dead Sea region after he conquered it.

Egyptian cosmetics are nearly as old as the civilization. Everyone from the very poor to royalty used them to varying degrees and of different quality. Women, as famously denoted by Cleopatra, wore black kohl to outline their eyes. Another eyeliner variation was to use ground green malachite. In Egypt painting the eyes was a general practice and women, no matter what their status, were likely to practice the application. To shadow the eyes, studies have revealed that ancient Egyptian women would paint their eyelids with a mixture of ground serpentine (a green mineral) and water. To paint their lips, women would combine animal fat and red ochre to create a cosmetic coating. The use of cosmetics in ancient Egypt is a testament to their ideals of beauty.

Ancient Egyptian women were also adept at perfume artistry. Cleanliness was an essential component of desirability for both sexes, but considering the climate, maintaining pleasant fragrance must have been challenging for those ancients. Nevertheless, even without soap, ancient Egyptians are revered for their perfumes. Typically oil, lime, and perfume were the preferred cleansing ingredients. Balanos oil, a botanical extract, was often chosen because it did not clash with the chosen perfume which might have been a combination of flowers and spices. Lime was also used to treat acne and oily skin.

The ancient Greeks dabbled heavily in perfumes and incense to create an aura of seduction. Burning resins or wood created pleasant fragrances that were considered enticing to lovers. Various scents were used for particular parts of the body. Roman baths contained shelves of jarred oils and powders used to perfume the body in pleasing scents. Some places were also synonymous with certain fragrances. For instance, the ancient women of Crete were known for their enchanting scents composed of lilies. Middle Eastern women were noted for their fragrance of frankincense and myrrh. Scent was intrinsic to ancient sexuality, and of course, it plays no small role today either.

Myrrh, prized as a fragrance, was also said to be used by the Queen of Sheba to entice King Solomon. Its ability to enhance seduction was widely known, but it also had many attributes as a beauty tonic. It was regularly used to repair chapped skin and prescribed to treat eczema-like rashes. It has been on beauty regimens for more than four thousand years. Similarly, frankincense was also used in perfumes, but ancient women believed it helped diminish wrinkles and slow down the aging process.

The use of skin cream composed of crushed and finally ground pearls was an ancient Chinese beauty ritual. It is said that pearl cream illuminated the skin. Even today, Chinese manufacturers add ground pearl to some creams. Pearls may seem too expensive to crush into beauty paste today, but bird droppings are essentially free. Japanese women were long accustomed to creating their own creams and cosmetics from natural elements and the droppings of nightingales, for one example, was a popular additive for face creams. And-it worked to restore beauty due to an enzyme within the droppings that contain healing properties. Also, it was far safer than the lead ancient Roman women used to whiten their faces.

In ancient India Vedic Texts reveal that turmeric, a native herb, was an especially important plant for women’s beauty regimens. The turmeric would be formed into a paste that women spread over their bodies before bathing. The skin would benefit from deep cleansing and revitalization. Historically, turmeric has been associated with increased longevity so it’s not surprising that it is still part of beauty regimens for some Asian women today who generally add sandalwood for greater antioxidant power.

Olive oil was the standard hair care product for ancient Greek women. It rejuvenated hair left damaged by the sun and added luster to the locks. Olive oil was also used soften the skin, beautify the nails, and repair chapped lips. Olive had many culinary and healthful uses for the ancients, but Grecian women prized it highly in their beauty rituals. Not surprisingly, Greece has many beauty products that contain olive oil today. Egyptians were also concerned with hair care, although wigs were commonly worn. However, both women and men rubbed the resin of fir trees into their scalps in the belief that it could generate hair growth. In ancient China, extracts from the beautiful butterfly pea, a climbing plant, was used to strengthen hair. Indian women favored coconut oil to give their hair luster and volume.

Furthermore, ornamentation was frequently added to enhance the beauty of the hair. Cleopatra, who certainly appeared to know all the beauty secrets, is said to have worn gems and jewels strewn through her hair. Women of other ancient cultures wore carved combs or natural elements like shells in their hair. Hairstyles could also be elaborate as depicted on Egyptian scrolls or other ancient texts. In many cultures, a thick and healthy head of hair was linked to a woman’s overall healthy and fertility.

The use of aphrodisiacs appears in nearly all cultures. Some edibles were believed to enhance women’s sexuality or increase their fertility. Ginseng, horny goat weed, and vanilla were frequently used by women of many ancient cultures. One ancient aphrodisiac is of particular note, however. The seeds of the fenugreek plant were used eaten by Egyptian, Roman, and Greek women in the belief that it increased the size of their breasts. These ancient women also believed that the plant could round their breasts to a more pleasing form. Many aphrodisiacs associated with women were believed to make them more receptive and excited about sex.

Women of Morocco, Egypt, and Persia found that jasmine was an extraordinary aphrodisiac. Bathing in a jasmine scented bath was known to relieve stress and anger. Women scented with jasmine were said to arouse great passion in men. Jasmine was also used to treat dry or sensitive skin. While not as heady, rose oil is said to be a similar type of aphrodisiac regarded by the ancients. Women hailed its calming affects. Rose oil was also used for skin care. Ancient women of Rome were known to favor lavender-scented baths.

While many seduction and beauty rituals of the ancients are considered obsolete today, there are surprising similarities between the past and the present. Favored scents, cosmetic needs, matters of seduction are all components of contemporary sexuality just as they were for the ancients. Skin care, hair care, and many other beauty rituals were important aspects of women’s lives in antiquity just as they are today. Beauty and sexuality often went hand in hand for the ancients; these aspects are at the heart of present-day civilization too.
Source by Moira G Gallaga

How Important Is The Beauty Industry?

Beauty industry is all about the field of cosmetology and its importance cannot be denied. Looking good and beautiful has been the preference of all men and women from the beginning. If you search the history you will find different beauty therapies were used even in the primitive times. This has now become an industry with millions of people working at improving the products and services to make people look good.

Nowadays we get different treatments to look beautiful because appreciating beauty and being appreciated is in human nature. As far as physical beauty is concerned people like to have clean and clear face with glowing complexion. Well groomed thick long hair is also a sign of beauty. Smart and fit body makes you attractive. Spotless and fair skin appeals to everyone and clean body makes you more beautiful. Soft hands and well groomed nails are also appreciated by people. And this is the reason why beauty industry came into being. People who work in this industry are called beauticians or cosmetologists.

To become a cosmetologist you need to get education from a beauty college. You can find plenty of institutions offering courses related to the beauty industry. Such beauty colleges teach their students professional skills which help them become good beauticians.

There is no doubt that beauty industry has become very important for the entire world and the reasons are mentioned here.

    • These beauty colleges produce talented and skilled beauticians who make people look much better.

 

    • Beauty salons help a person to look younger that brings out their confidence back.

 

    • People who suffer from burns or scars can get rid of them through different therapies.

 

    • Well groomed people always give a better and polished impression. You can see that beautiful appearance helps you to get job easily.

 

    • Application of cosmetic is very important; correctly applied make up high lights your beauty. This is all taught in a beauty college.

 

    • It is a fact that you receive more respect when you look good.

 

    • Beauty industry is not about physical appearance only. Oil massages give relaxation to the entire body. That is why when you feel good you look much better.

 

    • Beauty industry is a strong source of income for many people.

 

    • Showbiz industry also depends on the cosmetologists.

 

  • With the advent of different media in our lives; personal appearance now matters more to people, this has increased their dependency on this industry.

So we can say that all of us are dependent on this industry in one way or the other. If you also want to become a part of this important industry then you can get enrolled into a well repute beauty college and serve the mankind.
Source by Salma Owais